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Scientists Discover Novel Mutant Selective Kinase Inhibitor for Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
Author:B.L. Wang    |    Time:2019-08-02    |    Hits:

Recently, a research team from High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CHMFL) developed a novel c-KIT T670I mutant selective inhibitor (CHMFL-KIT-033) for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs).

 

Gain-of-function mutations of c-KIT kinase play important pathological roles in GISTs. Although imatinib is successful as the first-line therapy for GISTs, dozens of drug-acquired resistant mutations occur and c-KIT T670I is one of the most common mutants among them.

 

c-KIT wild-type (wt) is also known to play important roles in a variety of physiological functions, e.g., hematopoiesis. Although several kinase inhibitors can overcome the c-KIT T670I mutant, none of them can achieve the selectivity over the c-KIT wt.

 

In this study, the researchers discovered a novel kinase inhibitor CHMFL-KIT-033 through fragment hybrid type II kinase inhibitor design approach. This inhibitor not only showed potent activity to c-KIT T670I mutant, but also achieved 12-fold selectivity over c-KIT wt.

 

CHMFL-KIT-033 exhibited good anti-proliferative effects against c-KIT T670I mutant-driven cell lines GIST-T1/T670I and GIST-5R.

 

In addition, CHMFL-KIT-033 displayed suitable in vivo pharmacokinetic profiles and dose-dependent antitumor efficacy in the xenograft mouse model.

 

The results were published in the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. It provides a proof of concept for developing c-KIT mutant selective inhibitors, which theoretically can render a better therapeutic window.

 

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and the "Personalized Medicines-Molecular Signature-Based Drug Discovery and Development", Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

 

 Biochemical characterization of CHMFL-KIT-033 (Image by WANG Beilei)